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Nils Gustav von Schoultz (Scholtewski, Szulczewski ) Gravesite

Gravesite of Mikolaj Szulczewski in Kingston

Gravesite of Mikolaj Szulczewski in Kingston

Mikolaj Szulczewski

The neglected tombstone of the “Battle of the Windmill” (1832) hero, Nils Gustav von Schoultz, who was a Finn by birth, a Swede by education, and a Pole by choice. He called himself a Pole and requested the words “Native of Poland” to be engraved on his tombstone.

The epitaph reads: “N. Scholtewski von Schoultz, Native of Poland who died Dec 8, 1838. Aged 31 years.”

Nils Schoultz was born on October 7, 1807, in Kuopio, Finland. When he was a few years old, he moved to Sweden with his parents. After graduating from a military academy there, he went to Poland and fought in the November Uprising. Unfortunately, this part of his biography remains incomplete. It is known that he fought under the command of General Jan Uminski: first, at Nieporeto and Bialoleka on February 24-25, 1831, and a month later, on March 31, during the first day of the Polish offensive at Wawer, when the Poles defeated the Russians. He remained in the ranks of those who fought for Poland’s freedom until the end, until the difficult days of September, when the army of Field Marshal Ivan Paskievich seized Warsaw.

After the fall of the uprising, he shared the fate of the hundreds of thousands of officers and soldiers, who refused to surrender to the Russians, crossed the Polish Kingdom’s border, and chose immigration. Our hero did not remain in Western Europe for long. He joined the French Foreign Legion. Later, he apparently married in Italy. Finally, he sailed to the United States, where he introduced himself as a Pole – “Major of the Polish November Uprising.” He received the first Polish patent in America, number 298, concerning extraction of salt from water.

In 1838, upon hearing that an anti-English Loyalist Uprising was beginning in Canada, he joined one of the many “rifle lodges” – modeled after the “hunting lodges” of Lower Canada – forming in the United States, in order to take up arms and fight for a free and independent Canada.

Location: at St. Mary’s Cemetery at 321 Chestnut Avenue